How To Teach Phonics To Children Using Three Basic Principles


Phonics is an effective way of teaching your child how to read, decode and eventually learn how to write words in English. But do you know how to teach phonics to children?

Every parent should spend time to learn how to teach kids phonics.  Usually kids can learn how to identify easy words little by little at a very young age, even at 2 – 3 years old. The art of teaching phonics is designed for both younger kids and bigger ones.

As you know, there are still boys and girls who are completely unable to read, speak and write words because phonics was never introduced to them when they were younger. Nowadays, we can use phonics to teach our children how to associate a given single letter or a set of letters to the corresponding sound they represent.

Now what do I mean by this? For example, you can teach kids that letter A (a) represents airplane, B (b) for boy, C (c) for cat, etc… Continue reading this article to learn more how to apply phonics.

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Any good method of teaching children how to read requires teaching phonics. The key to mastering words for successful reading requires you to learn how to teach phonics to children and develop a phonics awareness for them.

Your child needs to develop a full range of understanding the letters, the sounds they represent, and the link between sounds created by combining certain letters where words are formed. This is a major part of mastering reading, and allows your child to become an independent reader.

When learning phonics and developing phonemic awareness successfully, your child will gain the skill to pronounce new words, improve spelling, develop clear articulation as well as develop their self confidence.

how to teach phonics

3 Basic Principles When It Comes To Teaching Children To Read

Principle #1. Practice reading for the child, whether it’s a letter, word, sentence, or paragraph, must be appealing to your child’s interests.

Principle #2. Never force your child to read, or you will turn reading into a negative association in their mind. Reading should be an enjoyable and rewarding experience. Parents will need to have a significant amount of patience and creativity to master this.

Principle #3. In order to teach your child to read successfully you must begin with the mastery of the phonemes – the individual sounds that make up the words.

How To Teach Kids Phonics Reading

What is the basic process of teaching phonics and phonemic awareness to children? Well it simply includes teaching them the letters and sound of these letters. After that, you can show them how to combine various letter sounds together to form  a particular word. From here, you can help them to read simple sentences and short paragraphs.

When helping children to learn reading, they need to develop the accuracy in decoding words and pronouncing words. This logical method of teaching helps your child spell the words correctly. Eventually, the different elements of phonics are combined to produce new words. The child will then discover new words by using this process which becomes an “automatic reflex”.

How Long Should It Take To Teach Phonics To Your Child?

It should usually take some where from 10 to 15 minutes every day. You can divide each session to last anywhere from 3 to 5 minutes. Try to have a few sessions like this throughout the day with the child. For older kids at pre-school age, each session can be a bit longer. However, several minutes for each session is all that’s needed.

Another way to begin teaching phonics to your child is with ear training. This is done by helping them develop the understanding that every word is made up of smaller units of sounds, or known as phonemes, and a new word is formed when combining these sounds together. Give your child a few short sessions each day and remember to make this a consistent habit.

During these little sessions, you need to say the words slowly and distinctly. You don’t have to make the child aware that you are trying to teach them. You can teach your child the words that are commonly used daily and include oral blending sounds into your sentences.

For example, if you want to ask your kid to drink his milk, you could say: “Jack, d-r-i-n-k your m-ilk.” The words drink and milk are pronounced slowly and distinctly. The level of sound separation can be changed to increase or decrease the difficulty. Thus, if Jack has a tough time figuring out that d-r-i-n-k means drink, you can lower the difficulty by blending the word as dr-ink instead.

On the other hand, you could simply choose different words and play blending sounds games with your kid. You can simply say the sounds of the word slowly, and ask the child to identify what you are saying.

This may take your child some time to grasp the concept of individual sounds forming words. Some kids will pick it up quickly, while others may take a bit longer. So try to be patient and if you keep helping them learn this regularly, your child will catch on.

Watch a 2 Year Old Child Reading In This Video Here – Click the play button below

Phonics For Kids and Phonics Sounds

Some sample words which you can use to play blending sounds activities with your child can be found below:

J-u-m-p   J-ump
R-u-n   R-un
S-i-t   S-it
S-t-a-n-d   St-and
M-i-l-k   M-ilk
S-t-o-p   St-op

The first word is more segmented than the second word, and will be more difficult to sound out. Please note that hyphens are used to indicate the letter sounds instead of slashes.

ie: J-u-m-p  /J/ /u/ /m/ /p/

This is done to make things easier to read; however, when you read it, you should not read the names of the letters, but instead say the sounds of the letters. This type of ear training for phonics and phonemic awareness should continue throughout the teaching process, even well after your child have grasped this concept. It can be applied to words with increasing difficulty.

Again, please always keep in mind that not all children can readily blend the sounds to hear the word, so you must be patient, and practice this for days, weeks, or even months if needed. Consistency and hard work is the key to success here, and not sporadic binge sessions.

I hope you enjoy reading this article.

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If you would like to learn about a simple and easy step-by-step program designed to quickly teach your children how to read, please click here>>

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